“Metaphors have a way of holding the most truth in the least space.” ~Orson Scott Card
analogous: [uh-nal-uh-guh s] (a) 1. corresponding in some respects; having analogy. 2. (biology) (of organs and parts) having similarity in function, appearance, and structure but unique origins. 3. (linguistics) formed by analogy
in a sentence: Recent scientific discovery has determined our universe is analogous to a human brain.
metaphor: [meh-tah-for] (n) a word or phrase that makes a graphic comparison between two people, things, or places (without using the words “like” or “as”)
in a sentence:
Mom: How was school today?
Tim: School was a tomb. Half the kids and teachers were out sick.
In the above dialogue between Tim and his mom, school was a tomb is a metaphor. Tim could have said school was creepy and quiet and felt empty because half the school was absent; but that’s too long and doesn’t paint a picture in your mind like the metaphor: “school was a tomb.”
Note to parents: Metaphors are particularly wonderful for kids, especially those developing their reading skills. Children tend to grab on to their visual power packed into brief phrases and learn and retain more than you’d think. So, next time you’re reading together, or teaching them new vocabulary words, don’t be shy with the metaphors!