bioluminescence: [bahy-oh-loo-muh-nes-uhns] (n) the production of light by living organisms.
in a sentence: The most popular exhibit at the aquarium is the deep-sea exhibit featuring the creatures of the midnight zone. The brilliant and colorful bioluminescence they use to light up the sunless depths is fascinating!
FUN FACT: Bioluminescence is even cool beyond fireflies, deep-sea creatures, and glow worms. According to Popular Mechanics, unlike fire and artificial light, bioluminescence is “cold light” and requires very little energy. This not only makes it useful to living organisms, but researchers also seek to use this awesome source of light for engineering innovative tech for medical studies, military weapons systems, and the environment.
For example, bioluminescence can help the planet reduce a significant amount of energy-depleting electric lights along streets, highways, and around structures by splicing genes from bioluminescent fireflies and marine bacteria into trees. Glowing trees — bright idea!
decapod: (n) any crustacean having five pairs of limbs, including crabs, lobsters, crayfish, prawns, and shrimp.
in a sentence: Jordan’s parents love slapping on a bib and stuffing their faces with delicious decapods smothered in garlic butter. Unfortunately, she’s allergic to decapods — shrimp, lobster, crabs . . . all of those five-limbed, meaty crustaceans — so, her parents eat a lot healthier now (or eat them when she’s sleeping).
Hadhazy, A. 2013. http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/environment/6-bright-ideas-for-bioluminescence-tech#slide-3